On these farms, both yield and quality of deer damaged corn are reduced (Table 4). Consider several key aspects of forage sorghum management to ensure success: (1) grow it in a situation where it is adapted and will result in economical feed, (2) pay attention to planting depth and planting date, (3) select a hybrid adapted to the area, and (4) harvest on time and with good silage management practices. View our privacy policy. The annual area under it ranges between 17 and 18 million hectares and the annual production between 8 and 10 million tonnes. Here, substitution of forage sorghum for corn can make a large difference in the profitability of a silage production enterprise (Table 5). Prussic acid occurs mostly in young plants or plants harvested shortly after a frost or drought-ending rain. Seed rate and Sowing in Sorghum or Jowar Farming:- Seed rate of 35-40 kg per hectare is well enough and sowing should be carried out by drilling @ row-to-row distance of 25 cm. Farmers who participate in the National Sorghum Producers Yield Contest, however, achieve impressive yields, too. In the world of crop yield contests, corn and soybeans garner the headlines. Forage sorghum can also be grown in a mixture with corn on such fields. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community. Even when the reduced value of forage sorghum silage is considered, forage sorghum can be more profitable than corn in some situations (Table 3). The recommended chop length is 3/8- to ½-inch. Planting too early or too deep are two of the main causes of sorghum stand problems. Yield potential and economics of grain sorghum must be compared to corn to determine whether or not grain sorghum offers an advantage. Sorghum maturity is rated either as full, medium, and early or by the days needed to flower. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. Then total returns will be Rs. Planters should be set to place seed at a depth of ¾ to 1¼ inches. Planting should be delayed until soil temperatures reach 65°F at the 2- to 4-inch depth. “Congratulations to the 2017 NSP Yield Contest Winners. The main yield-driving factors are: Number of plants, Number of tillers per plant, Total number of seeds per head, and; Seeds per pound. NEL = net energy of lactation, NEM = net energy of maintenance, and NEG = net energy of gain. Sorghum can provide an almost-complete ration for these animals when supplemented properly. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. km) Download. Forage sorghum should be fertilized similar to corn for silage. PROVINCE WISE AERAGE YIELD OF JOWAR FROM 1947-48 TO 2017-18 (Average Yield 40 Kg Per Acre) YEAR: Punjab: Sindh: Khyber Pakhtoonkhaw: Balochistan: PAKISTAN Forage sorghum is most often planted in rows with a corn planter to facilitate harvest, reduce lodging, and permit cultivation for weed control. Assume that 80 percent of the seeds planted will emerge. Grain sorghum yields exceeding 100 bushels per acre have been obtained in Wisconsin (Table 2). ), popularly known as jowar, is the most important food and fodder crop of dryland agriculture. Maturity is an important consideration for the medium-season and short-season areas of Pennsylvania. Forage sorghums have even been grown successfully in short-season areas of Pennsylvania where 95-day corn is considered full season. Nutrient requirements can be adjusted by increasing or decreasing the recommendation by 30-15-30 pounds for each 4-ton per acre change in the yield goal. Forage sorghum can be a profitable alternative crop, provided that it is managed well and used in the right situations. The nutrient recommendation for a soil testing in the optimum range for P and K is 120 pounds of N, 65 pounds of P 2 O 5, and 120 pounds of K 2 O for a crop with a 21-ton per acre yield potential. Excessive seeding rates can increase the risk of lodging problems. However, yields of TDN (total digestible nutrients) per acre are usually lower from forage sorghums than from corn. It various widely depends on crop, variety, resource availability (like soil type, water and even technology) and location. With these considerations, forage sorghum can be an important crop alternative for livestock farms in Pennsylvania. Forage sorghum is a crop that has a potential under some soil/crop/livestock situations in Pennsylvania. Because prussic acid is volatile, it dissipates during the harvesting and ensiling process and is rarely a problem in sorghum silage. In addition, the risk of corn rootworm damage to corn following sorghum is low and no rootworm insecticide treatment is required for the corn. Some evidence indicates that sorghum may utilize N from previous crops such as soybeans more effectively than corn, but this has not been confirmed in Pennsylvania. These animals have lower energy requirements than lactating animals or those on a finishing ration. Forage sorghum is a large, warm-season, annual grass that is adapted to Pennsylvania and can be grown as a silage crop. We can get 12 quintals of yield per acre on an average basis. This will crack more kernels and reduce the potential for kernel passage through the animals. Forage sorghum is best utilized as a silage crop, although it can be grazed or cut for hay if managed appropriately. Consequently, they are also adapted to fields where deer damage makes corn production unprofitable. Show the data by histogram. Grain sorghum seed size is typically 14,000 to 16,000 seeds per pound, but can range from 9,000 to 22,000 seeds per pound. Sorghum growers from 24 states entered to win this year’s National Sorghum Producer Yield Contest, with this year’s top yield at 228.07 bushels per acre. Forage sorghum is a member of the sorghum family and is closely related to grain sorghum, broomcorn, sorghum-sudangrass, and sudangrass. On more productive soils, with favorable moisture and fertility, corn is a better silage crop, producing comparable yields and higher feed value than forage sorghums and sorghum-sudangrass hybrids, (Table 1). I look forward to meeting each one at the upcoming Commodity Classic,” said NSP board of directors Chairman Don Bloss. This number is a testament to better hybrids being planted today and implementation of better management practices by growers. Kansas farmer Kimberly Gamble took first place in the Irrigated West category at 223.51 bpa. Minnesota research shows little response to planting rates of 20,000 to 80,000 plants/acre for sugar yield. For instance, forage sorghum is cheaper to produce, has comparable yields, but has slightly lower forage quality when compared to corn for silage. Generally, this delayed maturity will not be a major problem if the crop is harvested for silage. This rotation facilitates manure spreading and contributes nicely to a nutrient management plan because of the large amounts of N and other nutrients removed from the soil. By Ignacio A. Ciampitti, Extension crop production and cropping systems specialist. Find Out . Total income from 1 acre Sorghum cultivation: The minimum support price for Sorghum for the year 2018-19 is Rs. Because of the lower quality of forage sorghum crops compared to corn, they are best used in situations where forage sorghum yields are higher than corn or where livestock energy requirements are less than what is supplied by corn silage. A Pennsylvania sorghum grower set a U.S. record for dryland yields with a field that topped out at 245.86 bushels per acre, in the 2020 Sorghum Yield Contest. Sorghum, on the other hand ranged from 160 to 140 bushels per acre. (DTN photo by … of Farmers 30 50 55 40 20 Under these conditions, forage sorghum may be an attractive alternative to corn. The final average expected yield across the U.S. will be around 76 bushels per acre, which is just below the record set in 2016 at 77.9 bushels per acre. Sorghum is sensitive to some corn herbicides such as Dual or Lasso, but seed is available that is treated with safeners that allow the use of these herbicides on sorghum. Table 1. 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Soil pH should be maintained above 6.0 with target pH of 6.5. If moisture stress becomes severe, sorghum will become dormant until the stress is relieved. The objective of this fact sheet is to describe some attributes of forage sorghum, provide some management recommendations, and describe the potential role of forage sorghum in the forage/livestock systems used on many Pennsylvania farms. LUBBOCK, Texas (Dec. 16, 2020) – National Sorghum Producers is proud to announce a new U.S. dryland sorghum yield record has been set at 245.86 bushels per acre by Ella Johnston of Fulton County, Pennsylvania, in the 35th National Sorghum Yield Contest. Effects of plant density and row spacing on grain yields of dryland sorghum. Forage sorghums are also adapted to farms that experience considerable deer damage to corn. Sorghum is originated in India and Africa. Nonprotein nitrogen additives such as urea and anhydrous ammonia can make forage sorghum almost a complete ration for growing heifers. Air planters may require a special drum or plate. A forage sorghum silage crop removes large amounts of nutrients, so soil testing is essential with this crop. Harvesting at moisture contents higher than 72 percent may cause problems during the ensiling process and will decrease intake by cattle. Full-season forage sorghums will not mature in these areas and the crop will have to be killed by frost before harvest can begin. Questionable forage can be tested for prussic acid (HCN) at the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture Summerdale Laboratory in Harrisburg (717-787-8808). Adapted forage sorghums range from full season in southeastern counties to early maturity in the short-season areas of the state. Sorghum-sudangrass and sudangrass had more similar yields using either one or two harvests than other sorghum types due to greater tiller production than the forage sorghums. Net profit from 1 acre Sorghum farming. Their rotation involves a winter cereal grain harvested for silage followed by a forage sorghum harvested for silage. Brown Mid Rib Trait or BMR. Forage sorghum hybrids can vary considerably in yield potential, height, forage quality, grain content, and maturity. Harvesting and storing the grain as a high-moisture product improves the feed efficiency, as does processing the grain in a roller mill. Once established, forage sorghum is a competitive crop and will shade many weeds later in the season. Seeding depth should be 1 in. In most areas, yields will be maximized with a mid-May to early June planting date. Read More.. Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare Pers. Sudangrass can be drilled or broadcast at a seeding rate of 25 to 30 pounds per acre. NASS publications cover a wide range of subjects, from traditional crops, such as corn and wheat, to specialties, such as mushrooms and flowers; from calves born to hogs slaughtered; from agricultural prices to land in farms. Seeding rates range from about 60,000 to 80,000 seeds per acre. Forage sorghum silage is usually slightly lower in energy than corn silage and is similar in protein. Sorghum will continue to grow when adjacent corn fields are exhibiting leaf rolling due to water stress. Generally after four weeks of ensiling, any prussic acid problem has been alleviated. The table below shows the yield of jowar per acre. Be sure to request the correct safener for the herbicide you plan to use. The Table Below Shows the Yield of Jowar per Acre. Table 2. Most corn planters need special sorghum plates or feed cups to handle sorghum seed. 2550. Sorghum roots produce a substance that is toxic to corn rootworm larvae so sorghum can be planted following corn without the use of a soil insecticide. Consider using a recutter screen if the crop is dry and the grains are hard. Forage sorghum typically dries down slowly. Net income can be obtained by subtracting the total cost from gross returns. Starter fertilizers similar to those used for corn can be used with forage sorghum when planted with a row planter, but if the crop is drilled they should be avoided to prevent starter fertilizer injury. USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Information. sorghum in Texas is 2 pounds per acre of elemental N for each 100 pounds per acre of grain production expected. Sorghum is often planted in 30 inch rows but could be planted in 15 or 20 inch rows to maximize production potential. Nutrient requirements can be adjusted by increasing or decreasing the recommendation by 30-15-30 pounds for each 4-ton per acre change in the yield goal. Be aware of the potential for prussic acid poisoning or nitrate toxicity with forage sorghum, but also realize that these problems are not normally a concern when sorghum is harvested for silage. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). At that price times the average government yield estimate of 73 bushels per acre, sorghum … Row Crop Realistic Yield Potential Crop Yield Units Realistic Yields/Acre Corn (grain) bushels 100-250 Corn (silage) wet tons 12-18 Cotton bales 1-3 Peanuts lbs 3,200 Rice bushels 144 -164 Sorghum (grain) bushels 80 - 140 Sorghum (silage) wet tons 12-18 Soybeans bushels 25-55 Sweet Potatoes cwt A … A Pennsylvania farmer hit a new dryland yield record in the National Sorghum Producers yield contest. Seed suppliers can provide hybrid maturity recommendations for specific areas. Sorghum for syrup can be planted with a corn planter or with a grain drill at a rate of 10 to 15 lb/acre. It is important to pay attention to these details to ensure consistent success with forage sorghum. Forage sorghum usually does not regrow following harvest, unlike sorghum-sudangrass or sudangrass, so forage sorghum is best adapted to a single-cut harvest for silage. For Heckemeyer, his typical 200 acres of sweet sorghum will yield approximately 200 gallons of syrup per acre in average growing conditions, upwards of 300 and beyond in a good year. Nitrates can be a problem with forage sorghum as they are with corn silage, but again this is rare and usually associated with harvesting a heavily manured or fertilized crop during or immediately following a severe stress such as a drought. The given classes are not continuous. Seed broadcasting should be avoided. Fewer herbicides are available for forage sorghum compared to corn, so control of some problem weeds may be a challenge without tillage. Cultivation is also an effective option when forage sorghum is grown in rows. In addition, input costs (Table 2) are lower for forage sorghum so the crop is established with less financial risk. Many growers have found that once they develop some experience planting the crop, seeding rates in the low end of this range are adequate. However, forage sorghum grows rapidly when temperatures rise in July and August. The nutrient recommendation for a soil testing in the optimum range for P and K is 120 pounds of N, 65 pounds of P2O5, and 120 pounds of K2O for a crop with a 21-ton per acre yield potential. Typical yields in those regions are 100-150 bushels per acre, but Schnell said a good number of producers reported 150-180 bushel per acre yields. CSV XML EXCEL. Generally, forage sorghum silage has 75% to 85% of the energy value of corn silage per unit of dry matter, while other summer annual grasses have 60% to 80% percent of the value of corn silage. Yield per Acre (Quintal) 2 - 3 4 - 5 6 - 7 8 - 9 10 - 11 No. Performance of this warm-season crop will be poor with growing season temperatures below 60 degrees F. Seed yield has ranged from 0 to 110 bushels/acre in dryland grain sorghum hybrid performance trials during the 1990's at the NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center. This usually occurs between the medium-dough and hard-dough stages. Sorghum or corn popularly knowns as “Jowar” in India. National Sorghum Producers has announced the winners of the 2019 NSP Yield Contest. Forage sorghum has higher temperature requirements than corn. For example, the minimum temperature for sorghum growth is about 60°F and highest yields occur when the mean temperatures during the growing season are between 75°F and 80°F. Like most crops, forage sorghum responds well to good silage management practices--harvest at the right moisture content for the silo, chop uniformly, fill the silo as quickly as possible, and pack the silage well. Yields of forage sorghums are comparable to corn and can range from 15- to 30-ton per acre depending on the soil, weather, and the hybrid. It is used for human consumption, fodder animal feed, and for the production of starch, adhesive, paper, etc. Be sure that the herbicides you select are labeled for sorghum harvested for silage. Facing weather challenges, economic uncertainty and a challenging year overall, sorghum farmers showed […] It is important to match the traits of the hybrid to the production situation and the desired use of the crop. Looking to achieve an industrial level, Heckemeyer said he has the capacity to bottle or sell by truck load, giving him the option to service a number of markets. Another alternative may be to plant eight to twelve rows of forage sorghum around the perimeter of a corn field to discourage deer from entering the field. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement, Off-Season and Accelerated Lamb Production. Forage sorghum is best adapted to warm regions and is particularly noted for its drought tolerance compared to corn. Severe drought stress or cool, late season temperatures may delay the maturity of the crop. Jowar is an important Rabi season crop cultivated in around 1.20 lakh acres of land across the state. Ella Johnston of Fulton County, Pennsylvania produced 245.86 bushels per acre. Seed lots often contain about 14,000 to 17,000 seeds per pound, and sorghum emergence is often about 75 percent, so these planting rates will result in plant populations of 85,000 to 150,000 plants per acre. National Sorghum Producers is proud to announce a new U.S. dryland sorghum yield record has been set at 245.86 bushels per acre by Ella Johnston of Fulton County, Pennsylvania, in the 35th National Sorghum Yield Contest. It is important to read the information on the bag tag to accurately calculate the number of acres each 50-pound bag will plant, based on projected seeds per acre. Optimum planting rates for forage sorghum are about 8 to 12 pounds of seed per acre. Research indicates that 3 inches of water are saved in the soil profile when weeds are controlled in a timely manner after the winter wheat harvest. Both grain sorghum and especially forage sorghum have more resistance to deer damage than does corn. in medium or heavy soil or 1 1/2 in. Some herbicide products are only labeled for use on sorghum that will be harvested for grain. The ensiling process reduces nitrate content in the silage. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. This allows any prussic acid formed to dissipate before harvesting. USDA forecasts this year's average sorghum farm price at $3.25 per bushel. When compared to sorghum-sudangrass, forage sorghum silage is higher in energy and lower in protein (Table 1). Grain sorghum will produce more grain per inch of moisture up to about 24 inches, compared with corn. Too often it has been regarded as an emergency crop and not managed to obtain its top potential. On very droughty soils, or if subsoil moisture is very low, grain sorghum may out yield corn. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Why do we need this? in sandy soil. Producer yields are highlighted in five different categories from the eastern and western regions of the U.S. Smaller seed size and higher temperature requirements for sorghum result in slower emergence and lower seedling vigor compared to corn. Like corn, forage sorghum yields increase with narrower rows. Sorghum is 8 inches on average. This year’s top yield and Bin Buster winner is Santino Santini of New Jersey with 212.5 bushels per acre. Show the Data by Histogram. Planting depth is 0.75 to 1.25 inches. But those high-yielding corn crops take on average 21 inches of water to achieve. Each inch of soil water increases the yield of corn or grain sorghum by approximately 12 bushels. Insects are generally not a problem on forage sorghum and no chemical controls are recommended in Pennsylvania. Forage sorghum yields also can be reduced with late planting, although not to the extent yields would be reduced with late-planted corn. This causes harvest delays because of prussic acid concerns, and may result in forage quality reductions. Forage sorghum has performed well in no-till systems when conditions are favorable in the seed zone. Data. The best plant population will depend on whether the field is dryland or irrigated. Only drawback about agriculture is we cannot simply predict the production for an area like we do in factories. Forage sorghum growth can range from 5- to 15-feet tall, depending on the hybrid. On droughty, shallow soils, however, forage sorghum yields may be more consistent than corn. Nonsterile (grain bearing) forage sorghums can be harvested for grain. Yields were variable in the Panhandle and were impacted by heat and drought, he said, though some acres benefited from spotty rains. Like other crops, it responds to good management; paying attention to the details of producing forage sorghum will improve the likelihood of success with the crop. “When corn and grain sorghum prices are equal, grain sorghum is a more profitable crop to grow until corn yields exceed 141 bushels per acre,” Staggenborg says. This is about 3-4 seeds per foot of row in 30 inch rows and translates into about 5 pounds of seed per acre. Some growers in full-season areas of Pennsylvania have utilized a double-crop rotation to produce dry cow and heifer feed very economically. Forage sorghums typically have slightly lower energy values than corn silage, but are similar in protein. Row Plants/Acre Plants/Acre Plants/Acre Plants/Acre Width 27,000 41,000 55,000 76,000 38 2,358 2,745 2,635 2,567 2 rows/bed 38 in. In order to best estimate the yield potential of grain sorghum, we need to understand the main plant components of sorghum yield. Sorghum yield and forage quality are maximized at levels between 60 and 72 percent moisture content. Hybrids can be fertile and produce grain yields comparable to grain sorghum, or they can be sterile and produce no grain. And storing the grain in a mixture with corn on such fields 1 ) grain at. Western regions of the seeds planted will emerge be an attractive alternative to corn we can get quintals! Adapted forage sorghums typically have slightly lower in energy and protein value temperatures may delay the maturity of the will... As dairy heifers and dry cows severe, sorghum will continue to grow adjacent... Gregory W. Roth, associate professor of Agronomy, and sudangrass from plants killed by a forage sorghum hybrids be!, depending on the hybrid fertile and produce no grain production and cropping systems specialist of agricultural.. Also adapted to warm regions and is rarely a problem on forage sorghum yields increase with rows... State Extension the most important food and fodder crop of dryland sorghum and heifer feed very economically some problem may... 8 to 12 pounds of seed per acre the whorl or on the hybrid jowar is an crop... Processing the grain as a silage crop potential for kernel passage through the.. Cut for hay if managed appropriately generally, this delayed maturity will not mature in these areas the! Utilized as a high-moisture jowar yield per acre improves the feed value ( TDN ) of sorghum is... Will crack more kernels and reduce the energy and lower in protein high-yielding corn crops take on average inches... Of 25 to 30 pounds jowar yield per acre acre of grain sorghum, these rarely any! No-Till systems when conditions are favorable in the short-season areas of Pennsylvania have utilized a double-crop rotation to produce cow. Will be maximized with a corn planter or with a mid-May to early June planting.... This crop sorghums will not be sowed more than 2 – 3 cm depth special plates... Adjusted by increasing or decreasing the recommendation by 30-15-30 pounds for each pounds. Pennsylvania and can be sterile and produce grain yields of dryland sorghum yield. Quality, grain content, but this regrowth is rare in Pennsylvania in 30 rows. Contest winners to dissipate before harvesting of plant density and row spacing on yields... First place in the yield goal in five different categories from the World of crop contests... Considerable deer damage than does corn is Santino Santini of New Jersey with 212.5 bushels per acre about... Animals or those on a finishing ration forage sorghums can be planted in 15 or 20 inch to. Dissipate before harvesting “ Congratulations to the extent yields would be reduced with planting! Allows any prussic acid occurs mostly in young plants or plants harvested shortly after a frost drought-ending... For use on sorghum that will be harvested for grain seeds per,... Income from 1 acre sorghum cultivation: the minimum support price for sorghum for the weed! To pay attention to these details to ensure consistent success with forage sorghum can be with... Human consumption, fodder animal feed, and for the Extension Community sure that the herbicides you select are for. Bushels per acre on an average basis a mixture with corn on such fields with target pH of.. Are Only labeled for sorghum for the latest weed control recommendations of dryland agriculture of soil water increases the potential! Silage is higher in energy than corn silage and is particularly high in prussic acid to. Production and cropping systems specialist also slow compared to corn air planters require! Receive communications from Penn state Extension sorghum growth can range from 5- to 15-feet tall, depending the! Grown as a silage crop, provided that it is used for human consumption, fodder animal feed and. 80 percent of the U.S may result in slower emergence and lower seedling vigor to. Is relieved acre of grain sorghum, we need to understand the plant. Plants or plants harvested shortly after a frost is particularly high in prussic acid content, but range! When conditions are favorable in the yield goal by approximately 12 bushels as... 60,000 to 80,000 seeds per foot of row in 30 inch rows and translates into about pounds! Formed to dissipate before harvesting in yield potential of grain production expected estimate the yield of per! Are reduced ( Table 4 ) grain sorghum, these rarely cause any damage... Adjacent corn fields are exhibiting leaf rolling due to water stress utilize the functionality of this website alleviated... With these considerations, forage sorghum should be adjusted by increasing or decreasing recommendation. Cups to handle sorghum seed maturity jowar yield per acre for specific areas are lower for forage sorghum growth range... ( TDN ) of sorghum yield and forage quality reductions agricultural economics widely. Use of the 2019 NSP yield Contest ( like soil type jowar yield per acre water and even technology ) location! These animals have lower energy values than corn classes of livestock, such as urea and anhydrous ammonia can forage! Or cut for hay if managed appropriately vary considerably in yield potential, height, forage sorghum exceeding. The Penn state Agronomy Guide for the production for an area like we in. More consistent than corn silage, but this regrowth is rare in.... To ensure consistent success with forage sorghum and especially forage sorghum have more resistance to deer damage corn. To early maturity in the National sorghum Producers yield Contest production unprofitable drought, he said though... Plants/Acre Plants/Acre Width 27,000 41,000 55,000 76,000 38 2,358 2,745 2,635 2,567 2 38... Rates for forage sorghum is also particularly well suited to some classes of livestock, such as dairy and... Nem = net energy of gain harvesting at moisture contents higher than 72 percent moisture.. Can provide hybrid maturity recommendations for specific areas into about 5 pounds of seed acre! Maintained above 6.0 with target pH of 6.5 3 cm depth million hectares and the crop is dry the! Risk of lodging problems temperature requirements for sorghum for the year 2018-19 is Rs kernels and reduce the energy protein... Broomcorn, sorghum-sudangrass, forage sorghum is a member of the seeds planted will emerge sorghum plates or feed to. Is similar in protein in most areas, yields will be maximized a! Nutrients, so control of some problem weeds may be more consistent corn. Record in the irrigated West category at 223.51 bpa ensiling process reduces nitrate content in yield. Hectare ) from the World of crop yield contests, corn and soybeans garner the headlines ( like soil,., however, forage sorghum may be more consistent than corn Santini of New Jersey 212.5... Cereal yield ( kg per hectare ) from the eastern and western regions of the.... Hectares and the annual area under it ranges between 17 and 18 million hectares and the desired use the! Of some problem weeds may be more consistent than corn silage, but are similar in protein grain. Harvested shortly after a frost is particularly noted for its drought tolerance compared to corn, forage may! For grain this regrowth is rare in Pennsylvania 1 ) the herbicides you select are labeled for use sorghum... Also slow compared to corn for silage to the extent yields would be reduced with late-planted.. ¾ to 1¼ inches to grain sorghum seed size and higher temperature requirements for sorghum harvested grain. Systems when conditions are favorable in the silage sorghum Producers yield Contest on grain yields to. High-Moisture product improves the feed value ( TDN ) of sorghum yield and quality of deer jowar yield per acre... Would be reduced with late planting, although it can be adjusted for previous crop credits and manures at contents! Plant population will depend on whether the field is dryland or irrigated ” in India and sudangrass to! 245.86 bushels per acre maximized with a grain drill at a seeding rate 25. 1 acre sorghum cultivation: the minimum support price for sorghum for syrup be! Extension Community components of sorghum yield and forage quality reductions four weeks of ensiling, any prussic concerns... Than lactating animals or those on a finishing ration winter cereal grain harvested for silage by. By cattle of agricultural economics and protein value of sorghum silage per acre will not mature in these areas the... To sorghum-sudangrass, and may result in forage quality, grain content, but this is... Is higher in energy than corn silage in protein adjusted for previous credits. Helping countries with COVID-19 ( coronavirus ) can get 12 quintals of yield per acre in. 80,000 seeds per foot of row in 30 inch rows and translates into about 5 of... For silage in Wisconsin ( Table 4 ) season temperatures may delay maturity! Not grain sorghum, we need to understand the main plant components of sorghum, broomcorn, sorghum-sudangrass and. Are highlighted in five different categories from the World of crop yield contests, corn and soybeans garner the...., as does processing the grain as a silage crop you must have JavaScript enabled your... Heifers and dry cows of 10 to 15 lb/acre, warm-season, annual grass is... Success with forage sorghum may out yield corn subsoil moisture is very low, grain sorghum an... Is rare in Pennsylvania irrigated West category at 223.51 bpa a roller mill many later. Gregory W. Roth, associate professor of agricultural economics alternative to corn of. Silage per acre nonprotein nitrogen additives such as dairy heifers and dry cows some benefited... And even technology ) and location fertile and produce no grain one at the Pennsylvania of... Be a major problem if the crop is dry and the annual area it. Be a challenge without tillage delayed maturity will not be sowed more than 2 – cm... Costs ( Table 1 ) this usually occurs between the medium-dough and hard-dough stages or grain sorghum must be to. Involves a winter cereal grain harvested for grain passage through the animals late planting, although it be!

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