Ded Moroz. D is for Ded Moroz. The central and eastern Alps of Europe are rich in folklore traditions dating back to pre-Christian times, with surviving elements originating from Germanic, Gaulish … Some Christmas traditions were revived following the famous letter by Pavel Postyshev, published in Pravda on December 28, 1935. How did Ded Moroz survive the persecution during the Soviet era? Ded Moroz, you see, is the Russian winter festival magical being who brings presents. "Өвлийн өвгөн" (Grandfather Winter) is the Mongolian equivalent of Ded Moroz, who brings children and adult alike gifts on New Year's Eve. The truth however, as with all things magical, is a lot more complicated than that. Ded Moroz. And there are some other differences. His female equivalent is Babayka. As a replacement for Moş Crăciun (Father Christmas), a new character was introduced, Moş Gerilă (literally "Old Man Frosty", a Romanian language adaptation of the Russian Ded Moroz). 1 888 960 0365 She was mentioned in Afanasevim’s book of slavic folklore bak in 1869, then she appeared in Ostrovkiy’s song Snegurochka in 1873, then in Rimskiy-Korsakov’s opera, Snegurochka. [12][13][14][15][16] On January 7, 2008, then President Putin of the Russian Federation visited Ded Moroz' residence in the town of Veliky Ustyug as part of the Russian Orthodox Christmas Eve celebration. Dedek Mraz is depicted as a slim man wearing a grey leather coat, which has fur inside and is decorated outside, and a round dormouse fur cap. Indeed, unlike Santa, whose home is shrouded in secrecy, Ded Moroz’s residence can be pin-pointed on the map to a small village near Velikiy Ustyug in the Vologda region, just a few hours north of Moscow. Early origins of Ded Moroz are in paganism and in Slavic folklore. (Resourceful children ought to try their luck and send letters to both the North Pole and Velikiy Ustyug and see how many presents they get!). Since the 19th century the attributes and legend of Ded Moroz have been shaped by literary influences. Ded Moroz In Russia and other eastern European countries, Ded Moroz gradually morphed from a combination of cruel Slavic gods into a kinder, gentler gift-giver in the same vein as Santa Claus. In: Breda Luthar & Maruša Pušnik (eds. This is an article about a specific character - Ded Moroz, which is a Russian character in nature. Şaxta Baba brings gifts to children at New Year celebrations, however Qar Qızı is rarely present at the festivities. December 25 and December 26 became working days and no official celebrations were to be held. Since Soviet times, Snegurochka is also depicted as the granddaughter and helper of Ded Moroz during the New Year parties for children. The Armenian name for Ded Moroz is Dzmer Pap, literally Grandfather Winter. Originally associated primarily with winter, by the early 20th century Ded Moroz had become a … Ded Moroz, translated to (Grand)father Frost, or Old Man Frost, is a legendary Slavic character that makes his rounds every New Year’s Eve. Afterwards, they can visit an ice cave filled with exquisite ice sculptures which will be sure to melt any Frozen fan’s heart. The origin of Ded Moroz, sometimes known as “Grandfather Frost” or “Father Frost”, can be traced to Slavic mythology which predates Christianity. Since the introduction and familiarization of Russian culture during the socialist era, Mongolia has been celebrating the New Year's festivities as a formal holiday. Context: The informant is a Russian-American-Bulgarian woman who spent the first half of her life in Russia. To gratify him Russian folks had the custom of “feeding” Moroz. 728–. Russian Father Frost (Ded Moroz) comes from the more ancient Morozko. In the predominantly Muslim but secular country, where Christians are a very small minority, this tradition remains very popular. In old Christmas stories, his transportation means was a sleigh drawn by three white horses. [1] The tradition of Ded Moroz is mostly spread in East Slavic countries and is an important part of Russian culture. Nothing is off bounds; from the magical kitchen where Ded’s favourite pelmeni are made to the bedroom where Ded Moroz snoozes all summer long. The folklore surrounding Ded Moroz is present in Ukraine, Russia and many countries in the former Eastern Bloc. Krampus, a horned figure who punishes misbehaving children during the Christmas season. [41] Also, in some parts of Dalmatia the gifts are brought by Sveta Lucija ("Saint Lucy").. Ayaz Ata is the Kazakh and Kyrgyz name for Ded Moroz. Until the late 1940s it was also said in some areas of Slovenia that Christkind (called Jezušček ("little Jesus") or Božiček) brought gifts on Christmas Eve. Ded Moroz and Snegurochka visit the children to bring them presents and light up the tree. [34][35], The Bulgarian name of Santa Claus is Дядо Коледа (Dyado Koleda, Grandfather Koleda), with Dyado Mraz (Дядо Мраз, "Grandfather Frost") being a similar Russian-imported character lacking the Christian connotations and thus popular during Communist rule. The tradition of Ded Moroz is mostly spread in East Slavic countries and is an important part of Russian culture. Ded Moroz rose to fame following the popularization of the folk tradition of Snegurochka. In the 1920s, the celebration of religious holidays in Russia was banned by the Soviet government and Christmas became a working day. [17], The western Santa Claus made inroads in the Russian Federation during the "turbulent" 1990s when Western culture increased its penetration into the post-Soviet Russia. His name translates as “Old Man Frost”. Since the 19th century the attributes and legend of Ded Moroz have been shaped by literary influences. Only a short drive from Moscow lies the quaint town of Kostroma where the fair snow-maiden was supposedly first dreamt-up by Alexander Ostrovsky, one of Russia’s most successful playwrights. Ded Moroz fell into disgrace as a “product of the anti-human activities of the capitalists”. She is most commonly depicted with long silver-blue robes and a furry cap. Children dress up as various folklore and winter characters, like foxes, hares, and snowflakes, and take part in festive song singing, dancing and theater performances surrounding the fir tree. We invite you to become a fan of our company on Facebook and read Russian news and travel stories. His loyal granddaughter Dzyunanushik, whose name means Snow Sweetie, or Snow Anush (a popular Armenian female name), is another counterpart of Snegurochka. In the Ded Moroz legend, Snegurochka is the Russian Santa Claus's granddaughter and helper and lives with him in Veliky Ustyug. To this day, professional actors and desperate parents dressing up as Ded Moroz are forced to stick their hands in snow before meeting children so as to prove that they are the real thing! Attempts were made in the mass media and advertising to replace Djed Mraz with Djed Božićnjak. Triglav, Slovenia's (and also Yugoslavia's) highest peak. [47] The notion of Grandpa Frost was ideologically useful because it served to reorient the December/January holidays away from religion (Saint Nicholas Day and Christmas) and towards the secular New Year. With traditional New Year’s Eve feasts and banya sessions planned in Snegurochka’s cottage and the neighboring “Snegurochka Hotel”; there couldn’t be a better New Year’s host than the lovely snow-maiden! There are equivalents of Ded Moroz and Snegurochka all over the former USSR, as well as the countries once in the so-called Eastern bloc and in the former Yugoslavia. ), List of Christmas and winter gift-bringers by country, "Snegurochka: The Snow Maiden in Russian Culture by Kerry Kubilius", "Ded Moroz, the Russian Santa: Ded Moroz, or 'Grandfather Frost' is Russia's Santa Claus by Kerry Kubilius", "The main symbol of New Year in Russia – is Father Christmas (Ded Moroz)", "The main symbol of New Year in Russia – is Father Christmas (Ded Moroz). According to … What if someone sees him? To opt out of non-essential cookies, please click here. [3] She is a unique attribute of Ded Moroz, since similar characters in other cultures do not have a female companion. 43. He walks with a long magic stick[4] and often rides a troika. The origins of the character of Ded Moroz predates Christianity as a Slavic wizard of winter. In the late 19th century, Ded Moroz began to mend his ways and was slowly welcomed into respectable families’ Christmas celebrations as a bringer of presents and goodwill. Although at the beginning of the Soviet era communists banned Ded Moroz he soon became an important part of the Soviet culture. [18][19] The resurgence of Russia in the early 21st century brought about a renewed emphasis on the basic Slavic character of Ded Moroz. As we all know, in the west Santa was invented by Coca Cola, but in Russia, Ded Moroz was invented by Stalin. Ded Morozloosely translates to “Old Man Frost” in Russian. However, this is not it. [47] Although the name was translated literally from the Soviet figure, other names for the character were also considered: Sneženi mož ("the Snow Man") and oca Triglav ("Daddy Triglav"). Ded Moroz is depicted as bringing presents to well-mannered children, often delivering them in person in December days and secretly under the Christmas tree on night at 31 December on New Year's Eve. Due to the historical influence of Austrian culture in parts of Croatia, presents are also said to be brought by a traditional figure called Sveti Nikola ("Saint Nicholas") who closely resembles Djed Mraz or Djed Božićnjak, except for the fact that he is accompanied by Krampus who takes misbehaving children away, another character from Central European folklore. This version of the character is based on traditional imagery, especially as depicted by Maksim Gaspari in images commissioned in 1952. Ded Moroz loosely translates to “Old Man Frost” in Russian. Ded Moroz or Father Frost, the Slavic version of Santa Claus, long ago became the symbol of Russian winter, New Year’s and presents. This is one of the important uniting… But not at Christmas, at New Year. Whatever way she wriggled herself into the Russian imagination, she is now here to stay. 2014. In the recent decades well-off parents have developed a tradition to invite Dzmer Pap and Dzyunanushik to their children. [44] He was said to bring gifts to children on December 31. Pre-dating Christianity, Ded Moroz was a Slavic wizard, or demon, of winter. [4] The residence of the Belarusian Dzyed Maroz is said to be in Belavezhskaya Pushcha. […] [23] The Yakut indigenous people have their own counterpart to Ded Moroz, which is called Chys Khaan ("Master of Cold"). Ded Moroz (also known as Dzied Moroz and many other variations) Ded Moroz is a Slavic fictional character akin to Father Christmas. Ded Moroz is based on Morozko, an ancient Russian hero who could freeze water with 'iron frosts.' Ded Moroz has the infinitely sweeter Snegurochka or snow-maiden as his side-kick instead. 2009. There are equivalents of Ded Moroz and Snegurochka all over the former USSR, as well as the countries once in the so-called Eastern bloc and in the former Yugoslavia. He is known to be responsible for the frosty weather. The house of Ded Moroz was opened in Moscow in 2004. […] The residence of Ded Moroz in Russia is considered to be the town of Veliky Ustyug, Vologda Oblast. Ded Moroz is very much the symbol of the festive season in Russia, and, with his silvery beard and twinkling eyes, you’d be forgiven for thinking that Ded Moroz was simply another name for Father Christmas. Ded Moroz In Russia and other eastern European countries, Ded Moroz gradually morphed from a combination of cruel Slavic gods into a kinder, gentler gift-giver in the same vein as Santa Claus. [42], While there is no traditional analog of Ded Moroz in Polish folklore, there was an attempt to introduce him as Dziadek Mróz during the communist period. 41. 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