Hop on to get the meaning of E904 acronym / slang / Abbreviation. Food-Info.net : E-numbers : E904 : Shellac [ web ] Charakteristika. Some applications use shellac mixed with other natural or synthetic resins, such as pine resin or phenol-formaldehyde resin, of which Bakelite is the best known, for electrical use. Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. [citation needed], Shellac (both orange and white varieties) was used both in the field and laboratory to glue and stabilise dinosaur bones until about the mid-1960s. Irregularities on the surface of the product being sprayed typically result in the formation of unsightly aggregates ("lac-aggs") which precludes the use of this technique on foods such as walnuts or raisins (however, chocolate-coated raisins being smooth surfaced, are able to be sprayed successfully using a modified Huon-Stuehrer nozzle). The least-coloured shellac is produced when the insects feed on the kusum tree (Schleichera). "Wax over shellac" (an application of buffed-on paste wax over several coats of shellac) is often regarded as a beautiful, if fragile, finish for hardwood floors. Shellac is much softer than Urushi lacquer, for instance, which is far superior with regard to both chemical and mechanical resistance. [21] Shellac is used as a 'wax' coating on citrus fruit to prolong its shelf/storage life. Shellac (șelac sau E904) este o rășină secretată de insecta numită kerria lacca / laccifer lacca (doar femelele). Multiple thin layers of shellac produce a significantly better end result than a few thick layers. thanks Permalink . In more recent times, shellac has been replaced in these applications by synthetic resins such as polyester resin. The definition of varnish is not always clear, but it seems to have been a spirit varnish based on gum benjamin or mastic, both traded around the Mediterranean. Phonograph and 78 rpm gramophone records were made of it until they were replaced by vinyl long-playing records from the 1950s onwards. From the time it replaced oil and wax finishes in the 19th century, shellac was one of the dominant wood finishes in the western world until it was largely replaced by nitrocellulose lacquer in the 1920s and 1930s. E904 — Schellack Schellack, Tafellack, Plattlack oder Lacca in tabulis ist eine harzige Substanz, die aus Gummilack gewonnen wird. Aceste insecte fac parte din familia insectelor din care se obține și aditivul alimentar carmin.. Aceste insecte trăiesc în general în pădurile din India și Thailanda, India fiind cel mai mare producător mondial, cu aproximativ 18000 de tone metrice de rășină brută. [citation needed], Wood finishing is one of the most traditional and still popular uses of shellac mixed with solvents or alcohol. Dietary restrictions: None. Uses. You can support our work by donating to Open Food Facts and also by using the Lilo search engine. Waxy (non-dewaxed) shellac appears milky in liquid form, but dries clear. Uit een uitzending van De Keuringsdienst Van Waren bleek dat citroenen vaak behandeld zijn met een waslaag met schellak als het hoofdingrediënt. in the tying of artificial flies for trout and salmon, where the shellac was used to seal all trimmed materials at the head of the fly. From the time it replaced oil and wax finishes in the 19th century, shellac was one of the dominant wood finishes in the western world until it was largely replaced by nitrocellulose lacquer in the 1920s and 1930s. [citation needed], Upon mild hydrolysis shellac gives a complex mix of aliphatic and alicyclic hydroxy acids and their polymers that varies in exact composition depending upon the source of the shellac and the season of collection. View Food additives legislation guidance to compliance as PDF (191.49 KB) The FSA is updating all EU references, to … Shellac functions as a tough natural primer, sanding sealant, tannin-blocker, odour-blocker, stain, and high-gloss varnish. In motors and generators it also helps transfer force generated by magnetic attraction and repulsion from the windings to the rotor or armature. 4/10 C B G M E B The capsule fill of the different strengths is fully dose proportional. [24] Naturally dyed silk cloth, including that using shellac, is widely available in the rural northeast, especially in Ban Khwao District, Chaiyaphum province. Shellac that remains tacky for a long time is no longer usable. [7], The raw shellac, which contains bark shavings and lac bugs removed during scraping, is placed in canvas tubes (much like long socks) and heated over a fire. [citation needed], Another use for shellac is sealing wax. [17][18] From 1921 to 1928, 18,000 tons of shellac were used to create 260 million records for Europe. Because of its acidic properties (resisting stomach acids), shellac-coated pills may be used for a timed enteric or colonic release. Some manufacturers (e.g., Zinsser) have ceased labeling shellac with the production date, but the production date may be discernible from the production lot code. Ideaal voor het decoreren van uw baksels in halloween stijl. Storage life depends on peak temperature, so refrigeration extends shelf life. It was also often used on kitchen cabinets and hardwood floors, prior to the advent of polyurethane. The data provided to EFSA and otherwise obtained through literature searches have been evaluated by the ANS Panel and major data gaps have been identified in relation to the following endpoints: [8] Most pre-mixed commercial preparations come at a 3-lb. Shellac was once used in electrical applications as it possesses good insulation qualities and it seals out moisture. [11] It can thus can be considered a natural form of plastic. [citation needed], Shellac is an odour and stain blocker and so is often used as the base of "solves all problems" primers. in the early twentieth century, it was used to protect some military rifle stocks. Woods's The Nature and Treatment of Wax and Shellac Seals[16] discusses the various formulations, and the period when shellac started to be added to the previous beeswax recipes. E904 kan gebruikt worden door alle religies en vegetariërs. Shellac comes from shell and lac, a calque of French laque en écailles, "lac in thin pieces", later gomme-laque, "gum lac". Edible ink 30 mg – shellac (E904), propylene glycol, yellow iron oxide (E172). Shellac was once used in electrical applications as it possesses good insulation qualities and it seals out moisture. [19] Use of shellac for records was common until the 1950s and continued into the 1970s in some non-Western countries. in combination with wax for preserving and imparting a shine to, for re-attaching ink sacs when restoring vintage, to stiffen and impart water-resistance to felt hats, for wood finishing. Facebook and E913 Lanolin A naturally-occurring wax extracted from sheep’s wool. Nejsou známy žádné nežádoucí vlastnosti. Swanlac Bleached Shellac has a milky, honey-coloured appearance when prepared in an alcohol or aqueous alkaline solution, but dries to a clear film when applied as a surface coating. It has a number of uses, including being used to coat small chocolates and sweets as a glazing agent and to reduce moisture loss in fruit. Å elak je polyesterová pryskyřice, získávaná výměšku hmyzu. E904 can be used by all religious groups and vegetarians. Join us on Slack: It is made for all, by all, and it is funded by all. When dissolved in alcohol (typically denatured ethanol) for application, shellac yields a coating of good durability and hardness. This is the form known to us as a brush-on colorant, food glaze and wood finish. At some time, shellac began to be used as well. [citation needed], Shellac scratches more easily than most lacquers and varnishes, and application is more labour-intensive, which is why it has been replaced by plastic in most areas. Although its durability against abrasives and many common solvents is not very good, shellac provides an excellent barrier against water vapour penetration. The end-user then crushes it into a fine powder and mixes it with ethyl alcohol before use, to dissolve the flakes and make liquid shellac. Pure Shellac without alcohol is Halal because it is a insect secretion. This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 22:57. Historically, the most commonly sold shellac is called "orange shellac", and was used extensively as a combination stain and protectant for wood panelling and cabinetry in the 20th century. [2] Most European languages (except Romance ones and Greek) have borrowed the word for the substance from English or from the German equivalent Schellack’’. What is Lac, Shellac It is a food additive labeled with the number E904 From where it is extracted It is obtained after appropriate purification, from the resin produced by the insect Laccifer lacca, a cochineal, which is found in India, Thailand and in other countries of South East Asia. [4], The earliest written evidence of shellac goes back 3,000 years, but shellac is known to have been used earlier. Goed gesloten houden, bewaren op een koele en droge plaats. Inhoud: 1000 ml Ingrediënten: ethanol, coatingmiddel: shellac (E904). Bereiding/oorsprong: Schellak is een gelige, broze, semi-transparante hars, die gemaakt wordt van de uitscheiding van een vrouwelijke boomluis, die het … [citation needed], Until the advent of vinyl, most gramophone records were pressed from shellac compounds. Mooie fashion kleuren. Schellak is een materiaal, gewonnen uit de afscheiding van bepaalde luizen, dat vele toepassingen kende en nog kent. India is the chief sour Side effects: None known. De waslaag zou eraf te halen zijn door ze te boenen met heet water. [4], Shellac was in rare use as a dyestuff for as long as there was a trade with the East Indies. Voor veganisten is het een moeilijk product omdat er vaak resten van luizen in de onzuivere lak kunnen zitten. Mixed with other resins, barium sulfate, calcium carbonate, zinc sulfide, aluminium oxide and/or cuprous carbonate (malachite), shellac forms a component of heat-cured capping cement used to fasten the caps or bases to the bulbs of electric lamps. Many manufacturers of pointe shoes still use the traditional techniques, and many dancers use shellac to revive a softening pair of shoes. They are often sold as dry flakes, which can be dissolved in ethanol to make liquid shellac. The Thai name for the insect and the substance is "khrang" (Thai: ครั่ง). Schellak, ook wel E904 genoemd, is een glansmiddel gemaakt van de afscheiding van vrouwelijke lakschildluizen. But damaged shellac can easily be touched up with another coat of shellac (unlike polyurethane, which chemically cures to a solid) because the new coat merges with and bonds to the existing coat(s). [23] It yields a range of warm colours from pale yellow through to dark orange-reds and dark ochre. Instagram, Papillote - FM. and the Facebook group for contributors Na de bevruchting maken vrouwelijke lakschildluizen een laag van schellak over henzelf heen op de tak van een boom en leggen daarin hun eitjes. It is also used to replace the natural wax of the apple, which is removed during the cleaning process. Open Food Facts is made by a non-profit association, independent from the industry. Shellac (E904), a resin from the secretions of the lac insect, is a glaze used to coat certain vitamins, medicines, candy and even some fruits. as a topcoat in nail polish (although not all nail polish sold as "shellac" contains shellac, and some nail polish not labelled in this way does), in sculpture, to seal plaster and in conjunction with wax or oilsoaps, to act as a barrier during mold-making processes. [5][6] The root word lakh is a unit in Indian numbering system for 100,000 and presumably refers to the huge numbers of insects that swarm on host trees, up to 150 per square inch (23/cm2). → Découvrir l'Eco-Score, Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. It is processed and sold as dry flakes -pictured- and dissolved in alcohol to make liquid shellac, which is used as a brush-on colorant, food glaze and wood finish. Shellac (Miscellaneous » Food) Look at other dictionaries: E904 — Gomme laque Gomme laque Copeaux de laque Général No CAS … Wikipédia en Français. In this cocoon-like place, the lac bug lays her eggs, which will be protected thanks to the shellac. [citation needed], Shellac naturally dries to a high-gloss sheen. The public call for data ended in March 2010 and only limited toxicological data on shellac (E 904) were provided which would not enable EFSA to conclude on the safety of its use as a food additive. This insect is in the same superfamily as the insect from which cochineal is obtained. This causes the shellac to liquefy, and it seeps out of the canvas, leaving the bark and bugs behind. An article from the Journal of the American Institute of Conservation describes using infrared spectroscopy to identify shellac coating on a 16th-century cassone. [citation needed], Shellac was used for fixing inductor, motor, generator and transformer windings. Open Food Facts is made by a non-profit association, independent from the industry. 76.7k ... btw, in food, shellac is known as E904! This dissolved shellac liquid, applied to a piece of wood, is an evaporative finish: the alcohol of the shellac mixture evaporates, leaving behind a protective film. Shellac functions as a tough natural primer, sanding sealant, tannin-blocker, odour-blocker, stain, and high-gloss varnish. Additive: E904 - Shellac. [22] When used for this purpose, it has the food additive E number E904. Deze worden bij het opkoken en zuiveren verwijderd. Halloween mix met een mooie glans. [26], Because it is compatible with most other finishes, shellac is also used as a barrier or primer coat on wood to prevent the bleeding of resin or pigments into the final finish, or to prevent wood stain from blotching.[27]. This is done for applications where the shellac will be coated with something else (such as paint or varnish), so the topcoat will adhere. The shellac locked the wire turns in place, provided extra insulation, prevented movement and vibration and reduced buzz and hum. The E904 acronym/abbreviation definition. However there are plant derived alternatives, such as carnauba wax, and some supermarkets stock unwaxed fruits but they are hard to come across. Origin: Natural polymer derived from certain species of lice from India . E904 Shellac A natural polymer derived from the lac beetle. Shellac is an approved food additive (E904) according to annex II of the EC directive 1333 FDA 21 CFR 175.105 Shellac as a food additive for the use as adhesive for food packaging FDA 21 CFR 175.300 Shellac as a component for coating in contact with foods [citation needed], Shellac is scraped from the bark of the trees where the female lac bug, Kerria lacca (order Hemiptera, family Kerriidae, also known as Laccifer lacca), secretes it to form a tunnel-like tube as it traverses the branches of the tree. In Europe, Bleached Shellac and Dewaxed Bleached Shellac complies with Commission Regulation EU 231/2012 and its specification for E904 Shellac as a food additive. E904 Schellak. [citation needed], It is the central element of the traditional "French polish" method of finishing furniture, fine string instruments, and pianos. [20], Shellac was historically used as a protective coating on paintings. Lapis lazuli, an ultramarine pigment from Afghanistan, was already being imported long before this. The Common / Miscellaneous / Community Acronym / Slang E904 means... AcronymsAndSlang. It was applied directly to single-layer windings in an alcohol solution. [citation needed], Until recent advances in technology, shellac (French polish) was the only glue used in the making of ballet dancers' pointe shoes, to stiffen the box (toe area) to support the dancer en pointe. for mounting insects, in the form of a gel adhesive mixture composed of 75% ethyl alcohol. A gummy secretion material from the pores of a insect Coccus lacca that feed on … Shellac Miscellaneous directive E904 : Shellac . Closeup of Waxy #1 Orange (L) and Dewaxed Bona (R) shellac flakes. For example: a 1-lb. It can yield in many shades of yellow, orange, red and brown. Luthiers still use shellac to French polish fine acoustic stringed instruments, but it has been replaced by synthetic plastic lacquers and varnishes in many workshops, especially high-volume production environments. CND™ SHELLAC™ is dé innovatie van CND™. In the American South, use of knotty pine plank panelling covered with orange shellac was once as common in new construction as drywall is today. It is used to seal wooden surfaces, often as preparation for a final more durable finish; it reduces the amount of final coating required by reducing its absorption into the wood. 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