The Codex is named after its place of conservation in the Vatican Library, where it has been kept since at least the 15th century. THE Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus differences are insignificant in the extreme. Ισραηλ – Β D [15] Milne, H. J. M. and T. C. Skeat, (1938). The Codex Vaticanus, so called because it is the most famous manuscript in the possession of the Vatican library, is generally believed to be from the fourth century, and is thought to be the oldest (nearly) complete copy of the Greek Bible in existence. ειδως δε – Θ, Matthew 9:4b εις μεσον – Β μαρτυρων δυο η τριων – L l των ποδων υμων – B, Matthew 10:15 Μαριαν – B L f1 1241 πορευου – א, copsa and copbo used different terms, but every concerned to πορευου εστω –א, Matthew 5:39 κατασκηνοιν – Β* D βαθος της γης – Β τους μαθητας αυτου – Β Ε F Κ P X Π Σ, Matthew 14:22c In general, Codex Vaticanus is placed first in point of purity by contemporary scholars and Codex Sinaiticus next. Similar to Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Vaticanus identifies itself as a product of gnostic corruption in John 1:18, where “the only begotten Son” is changed to “the only begotten God,” thus perpetuating the ancient Arian heresy that disassociates the Son of God Jesus Christ from God Himself by claiming that the Word was not the same as the Son. τις αξιος εστι εν αυτη – syrp, Matthew 10:12 ακουσετε … βλεψητε – א Φ εως παντα – B 106 This variant is supported by Vetus Latina and some Sahidic manuscripts. τετρααρχης – א C Z Δ επιθυμησαι αυτης – א M Σ, Matthew 5:30 The Codex Vaticanus is said to be the oldest extant vellum manuscript. της ζυμης του αρτου – C Κ W Χ Δ Π 28 700 1010 Byz c f q ο δε εχθρος ο σπειρας εστιν ο διαβολος – D, Matthew 13:39b – Christian Publishing House Blog, Scribe A wrote most of the historical and poetical books of the Old Testament, almost the whole of the New Testament, and the Epistle of Barnabas, Scribe B was responsible for the Prophets and for the Shepherd of Hermas, Scribe D wrote the whole of Tobit and Judith, the first half of 4 Maccabees, the first two-thirds of the Psalms, and the first five verses of Revelation, א* – original text of Codex Sinaiticus before scribal correction(s), B* – original text of Codex Vaticanus before scribal correction(s). ζιζανια – Β N W, Matthew 13:28a εξω της πολεως – Β ο πετρος αυτω ειπεν – 33 Milne & T.C. The term “iotacism” refers to the letter iota, the original sign for, with which these vowels came to merge. εως (till) – Β τους οχλους – B, Matthew 15:31 κοινοι τον ανον – Β Space does not allow me point out the mutilation of Codex Vaticanus (B). εν ουρανοις –א, Matthew 10:34 “Dittographies and other corrections”. ελαλησεν – א Δ 61 τα θελεματα – א According to Dean Burgon: "It is in fact easier to find two consecutive verses in which these two MSS differ the one from the other, than two consecutive verses in which they entirely agree."[1]. The table below lists the King James Bible (KJV) books that conflict with the relatively recent Biblical manuscript discoveries, the Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus. Some 800 of the original 1,400 handwritten vellum pages remain. εγω μεν γαρ (I indeed) – א 892 ερχομενον – Β τω ανεμω και τη θαλασση – א f1 f13 22 επεκαλεσαν – Β προσηνεγκαν αυτω δαιμονιζομενος τυφλος και κωφος –א, Matthew 12:22b By doing so Tischendorf proved that the New Testament of the modern Bible reached present time in its true value. αυτον αποστελλει παλιν – א D L 892 1241 Lect (αποστελει copsa) [22] Bruce M. Metzger, Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Greek Palaeography, New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991, p. 74. viñeta. Vaticanus is a better manuscript than Sinaiticus for portions of … εμπεση – Β, Matthew 12:17 ακουσετε … βλεψετε – C D This article is from Wikipedia but has been updated and will be updated even more so by Edward D. Andrews for Christian Publishing House. Handwritten well over 1600 years ago, the manuscript contains the Christian Bible in Greek, including the oldest complete copy of the New Testament. ο οφθαλμος σου – Β The Codex Vaticanus, Vat. οτι – א* X Our best guess is that Vaticanus, like Codex Sinaiticus, was almost surely produced in Egypt, probably in Alexandria. Textkritik des Neuen Testaments (in German). κραζοντες – B, Matthew 9:28a της ζυμης των Φαρισαιων – 33 εισερχομενον –א, Matthew 15:11b A Modern analysis identifies at least three scribes: 1. The Umlauts Archived 2019-11-11 at the Wayback Machine. εγω μεν (I) – Β, Matthew 3:15 ιδοντες δε αυτον – א* Θ 700 pc copsa We will not that the oldest and Alexandrian manuscripts are named after the material that they were made from, papyrus. [24] Skeat agreed that the writing style is very similar to that of Sinaiticus, but there is not enough evidence to accept identity of scribes; “the identity of the scribal tradition stands beyond dispute”. B or 03 Gregory-Aland, δ 1 von Soden) is one of the oldest copies of the Bible, one of the four great uncial codices. εγεννησεν (begot) – א, Matthew 1:19 ειδεν ανθρωπον – א τι φαγητε – א f1 892 a b ff1 k l vg syrc copsa James Rendel Harris, Stichometry (London 1893), p. 73, [24] Frederic G. Kenyon, Our Bible and the Ancient Manuscripts (London 1939). εν ολη τη Γαλιλαια (in all Galilee) – B C 157 cop syr eth και υποστρεψας ο εκατονταρχος εις τον οικον αυτου εν αυτη τη ωρα ευρεν τον παιδα υγιαινοντα – א C E M N U X Σ Φ For most of the New Testament, Codex Sinaiticus is in general agreement with Codex Vaticanus and Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus, attesting an Alexandrian text-type, but in John 1:1-8:38, Codex Sinaiticus is in closer agreement with Codex Bezae in support of a Western text-type. υπερ του διδασκαλον – Β, Matthew 10:25a τοτε κρατησας – Β Though it is considered by some scholars to represent an original form of the text, it is also recognized as the most heavily corrected early New Testament manuscript. ηκολουθησεν – B, Matthew 9:10a ει συ ει – syrsin Why? Eth geo [6] Dirk Jongkind (2007), Scribal Habits of Codex Sinaiticus, Gorgias Press LLC, p. 77-78. κυριε υιε – א, Matthew 15:27 και ευθεως – Β [15] Scribe D corrects his own work and that of scribe A, but scribe A limits himself to correcting his own work. αποστελλει παλιν αυτον – B Ιωση – copbo, Matthew 13:57 b NT Griego Español Lacueva. [9] Milne-Skeat. Retrieved 2019-11-11. απολυται – א αμπελονι μου – Β, Matthew 21:33 ο δε εχθρος ο σπειρων αυτα εστιν ο διαβολος – L [12], A paleographical study at the British Museum in 1938 found that the text had undergone several corrections. ητοιμασται – majority of mss A B C K L W X Δ Π Ψ 0146 Byz, Mark 11:1 Codex Sinaiticus (קודקס סינאיטיקוס, Σιναϊτικός Κώδικας; Shelfmarks and references: London, Brit. ως ο οφις – א The Codex Vaticanus (The Vatican, Bibl. κωμας – Β, Matthew 14:16 παντα ουν – B τοις ωσιν αυτων – א C Φ ηδη παρηλθεν – Β D ειδοτες οτι απεθανεν – א 61 και οστις αρνησηται – W syrcur, Matthew 10:33b και κλεπτουσιν – א 1 892 syrcur εν τοις σαββασιν – W, Matthew 12:10 λυπηθεις ο βασιλευς δια τους ορκους – Β D σαββασιν – א W σαλπιγγος φωνης μεγαλης – Β, Matthew 24:48 ελαλει – Β D אc Σ Φ Vat., Vat. σταδιους πολλους απο της γης απειχε βασανιζομενον – Β f13 εν τω ιορδανη υπ αυτου –, Matthew 3:11 αγγαρευει – D ο δε εχθρος εστιν ο σπειρας αυτα ο διαβολος – Β Though it is considered by some scholars to represent an original form of the text, it is also recognized as the most heavily corrected early New Testament manuscript. ιδου απολυσον – eth [29], The manuscript contains unusual small horizontally aligned double dots (so called “distigmai,” formerly called “umlauts”) in the margin of the columns and are scattered throughout the New Testament. αποκριθεις δε ο Ιησους – Β ολην την Συριαν (all Syria) – Β, Matthew 5:9 τα ζιζανια – א L X Σ Φ 1209, a 4th century uncial manuscript of the Septuagint and the New Testament, is, along with the Codex Sinaiticus, one of the two extant 4th century manuscripts of the Old and New Testament in Greek, the language used by the early Christians. B or 03 Gregory-Aland, δ 1 von Soden), is one of the oldest extant manuscripts of the Greek Bible (Old and New Testament), one of the four great uncial codices. Codex Sinaiticus, the earliest known manuscript of the Christian Bible, compiled in the 4th century ce. εν παραβολαις αυτοις – Β, Matthew 22:11 The Codex Vaticanus (The Vatican, Bibl. οι δυο τυφλοι – א D εισιν γαρ ευνοχοι – Β, Matthew 19:22 [7] His errors are the substitution of ΕΙ for Ι, and Ι for ΕΙ in medial positions, both equally common. καγω (and I) – Vaticanus, John 1:34 Codex Vaticanus, also known as … ειπαν – א Skeat, “Scribes and Correctors” (British Museum: London 1938). οτι δε – Β p. 19. και λεγει – Β copbo, Matthew 9:9c 4 For example in 147:3 se > soi. [33] He suggested that distigmai indicate lines where another textual variant was known to the person who wrote the umlauts. εις την πατριδα αυτου – rest of mss, Matthew 13:55 δυναμαι υμιν τουτο ποιησαι –א, Matthew 9:30a omit – Β, Matthew 10:14b Andrews is the Chief Translator of the Updated American Standard Version (UASV). εξελευσονται – א παραθαλασσιαν (by the sea) – B p. 107. και ευρισκει – א According to Dean Burgon: “It is, in fact, easier to find two consecutive verses in which these two MSS differ the one from the other than two consecutive verses in which they entirely agree.”[1] See Matthew 1:18-19 below as a perfect example. το θελεμα – Β, Matthew 7:22 ο δε ιησους λεγει – B syrcur και ειδως – B N Πtxt f1 565 700 1079 1195 1546 ℓ 184, 313, 1627, 1761 syrh goth arm? ουχι – B δειγματισαι (put to shame) – א1 Β, supported by Ζ f1 ο πατηρ υμων (your Father) – א* D L W Z Θ 0170 f1 f13 Byz Codex Vaticanus is a manuscript that is equally as old as Codex Sinaiticus. ηκολουθεσεν – Β It is in closer agreement with Codex Bezae in support of the Western text-type.For example, in John 1:4 Sinaiticus and Codex Bezae are the only Greek manuscripts with textual variant ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ἐστίν (in him is life) instead of ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ᾓν (in him was life). εισπορευομενον – א, Matthew 15:17 οδηγοι τυφλοι – 253 εαν δε ο οφθαλμος σου η πονηρος – syr, Matthew 6:25a των αρτων – f1 p. 109. και ερχεται – D, Matthew 9:28b οι μαθηται αυτου – Β τους μαθητας – א C D We will use א to identify Codex Sinaiticus herein. ), Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 46. αυτω ειπεν – Β Jun 17 Blog. Ζαρα (Zerah) – Sinaiticus, Matthew 1:12/13 συναγαγετε – א B2 ως οι οφεις – B Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. παρηλθεν ηδη – א Ζ 1 τοις ανεμοις και τη θαλασση – Β, Matthew 8:29 ερρεθη – א* Κ Π syr copbo Scholarship considers the Codex Sinaiticus to be one of the best Greek texts of the New Testament, along with the Codex Vaticanus. ειπεν – W, Matthew 15:17 δυναμαι ποιησαι τουτο – C 350A.D.) Originally Codex Sinaiticus was produced on parchment whose total number exceeded 730 leaves, approximately 1,460 pages. ωρυξεν αυτω – א V 69 Before this discovery, the earliest extant manuscripts of the Old Testament were in Greek, in manuscripts such as the Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus. omit – א, Matthew 21:28 It is not a unique work written by one author, which is how we generally think of books today. η της κωμης – syrp ωσαυτως – א οπως – Ε, Matthew 12:22a They were probably written in the fourth century. τις εν αυτη αξιος εστι – Β οι οφθαλμοι – א λαμπαδας αυτων – Β, Matthew 25:17 εκραυγασεν – C (εκραυγασεν 4), Matthew 15:22 A quick response would be that they are very much mistaken and doing exactly what Agnostic NT Textual scholar Bart D. Ehrman does, misrepresenting the information. θεραπεθειν – Β, Matthew 12:11 βατος γης – א, Matthew 13:6 105–113. επι τη διδαχη αυτου οι οχλοι – א και ηκολουθεσαω αυτω – א ο Ιησους – Β, Matthew 9:28d Rules:This is a Christian “hangout”.There will be NO cursing. εκραξεν – א* Ζ f13 892 τινες των φαρισαιων και γραμματαιων – Κ, Matthew 12:44a Post Angeli Maii Aloirumque Imperfectos Labores ex ipso Codice (Lipsiae 1867), pp. Plus textual changes for theological bias. Therefore, the distigmai mark places of textual uncertainty. ου μη αφεθη – Β It was heavily used by Westcott and Hort in their edition, The New Testament in the Original Greek (1881). THE TR, on the other hand, has whole phrases, sentences, verses and even whole sections added. υπο των εθνων – א But the pages of the Codex Sinaiticus are divided among four different libraries and museums throughout the world. Codex Vaticanus, a manuscript dated 325-350 AD, contains the earliest complete copy of the New Testament Bible. και ιδων – א C D K L W X Δ Πmg f13 33 892 1009 1010 1071 1216 1230 1242 1253 1365 1646 2148 Byz Lect it vg syrs copbo ethro εν ολη τη γη εκεινη – Β, Matthew 9:35a View all posts by Christian Publishing House, Comparing Codex Sinaiticus with Codex Vaticanus, Comparison of Codices Sinaiticus and Vaticanus, Kurt and Barbara Aland Categories of New Testament Manuscripts. ο κακος δουλος – א ο κακος δουλος εκεινος – Β, Matthew 25:3 ηνεωχυησαν – B D N Σ και ειδος – ℓ 76 οι μαθηται – א L Z W, Matthew 17:17 Wieland Willker (2008). εισηλθεν – א διατι και υμεις – Β, Matthew 15:4 66–67. εκ των ποδων υμων – א C 27 33 41 71 157 892 [36] Codex Vaticanus Graece 1209, B/03, Wieland Willker. ολην την γαλιλαιαν (all Galilee) – D, Matthew 4:23b Ιωσης – K L W Δ Π Φ The most important contribution of the scientist is the comparison of four manuscripts: Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Alexandrinus, Codex Peresianus and Codex Vaticanus. εκατονταρχης – א W Codex Vaticanus (CODEX B), a Greek manuscript, the most important of all the manuscripts of Holy Scripture.It is so called because it belongs to the Vatican Library (Codex Vaticanus, 1209).. τελωνων φιλος – Β, Matthew 11:21 and is identified by (01, א) What looks like a squiggly x is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet א (ʼAleph). ουκ αφεθησεται – Β ειπον – C, Matthew 15:14 Similar to Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Vaticanus identifies itself as a product of gnostic corruption in John 1:18, where “the only begotten Son” is changed to “the only begotten God,” thus perpetuating the ancient Arian heresy that disassociates the Son of God Jesus Christ from God Himself by claiming that the Word was not the same as the Son. παρ ουδενι τοσαυτην πιστιν εν τω Ισραηλ ευρον – Β 4 The Vaticanus was placed in the Vatican Library at Rome by Pope Nicolas V. in "1448, its previous history being unknown. εβαλλον – א V Δ ψυχην και σωμα – Β C D L X Π Σ η πυλη – B אb This is especially true, for the New Testament, of the Gospels. It is one, single book. σαλπιγγος μεγαλης – א τετραρχης – Β D, Matthew 14:3 βαλλουσιν – א D Χ CODEX SINAITICUS: The New Testament in English. ει τω οικοδεσποτην βεελζεβουλ … τοις οικιακους –א, Matthew 10:25b ηλθεν – Β, Matthew 13:36b The Codex Sinaiticus (see my earlier article, “Not Just Any Old Codex”) is one such codex. και εκ των λογων σου – Β εγειρε περιπατει – א copsa syr The Vaticanus was placed in the Vatican Library at Rome by Pope Nicolas V. in 1448, its previous history being unknown. εν τη γη εκεινη – א In John 1:1–8:38 Codex Sinaiticus differs from Vaticanus and all other Alexandrian manuscripts. Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus are the two oldest complete or nearly complete copies of the New Testament in its original Greek language. ποιησατε – א [4], Further comparative study of these two Alexandrian manuscripts show scientifically that they originated from an earlier exemplar that was of the Byzantine text type. αγγαρευσει – B L M S U Π ηγαγον – A D 0133 Byz, Luke 2:37 εγειρε και περιπατει – Β, Matthew 9:6a αχρι – א* L It and the Codex Sinaiticus are the two oldest uncial manuscripts. Ιωαννει – D W Δ What about the ~3500 differences between Vaticanus and Sinaiticus just in the gospels alone? Iotacism or itacism is the process of vowel shift by which a number of vowels and diphthongs converged towards the pronunciation in post-classical Greek and Modern Greek. μαθετε – א Πετρος – 75 Β Π 700 1079 1546 syrc, s, pal copsa eth geo αγουσιν – א* C W Θ f1 f13 28 Payne discovered the first distigme while studying the section 1 Cor 14.34–35 of the codex. In John 1:1–8:38 Codex Sinaiticus differs from Vaticanus and all other Alexandrian manuscripts. υποκριται (hypocrites) – Βג syrcur το πληρομα –א, Matthew 9:17 It is in closer agreement with Codex Bezae in support of the Western text-type.For example, in John 1:3 Sinaiticus and Codex Bezae are the only Greek manuscripts with textual variant ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ἐστίν (in him is life) instead of ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ᾓν (in him was life). υπο του πατρος μου – Β, Matthew 11:29 The Codex Sinaiticus, the Codex Vaticanus and Constantine The Last Chapter in the History of the Codex Sinaiticus. 1209; no. κατ οναρ εφανη – Β 372 copsa ου μη αφεθησεται – א* ητοιμασται υπο του πατρος μου – א*, b, f1 1071 1241 ita, r1 New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. μαθετε απ εμου – Β, Matthew 12:1 της ζυμης των αρτων των Φαρισαιων και Σαδδουκαιων – א ff1 syrc η φημη αυτη – B, Matthew 9:27a ελυπηθη ο βασιλευς δια δε τους ορκους –א, Matthew 14:15a απαρνησασθω – 75 Β* C R W Ψ f1 Byz, John 1:25 Matthew 1:3 Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Comparison_of_codices_Sinaiticus_and_Vaticanus&oldid=988281380, Articles needing cleanup from August 2018, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from August 2018, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from August 2018, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from September 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with disputed statements from November 2020, Articles with minor POV problems from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 06:02. εν αυτη τις αξιος εστι – א Κ 16 99 243 892 απολυσον ουν – א C Z The Critical Text is the corrupt one!” Paul Anderson similarly, “with B and Aleph varying over 1,000+ differences in John alone (3,000+ in the 4 Gospels).”. Le Codex Sinaiticus (Gregory-Aland n o א ou 01) est un manuscrit en onciales complet du Nouveau Testament datant du IV e siècle (rédigé entre 325 et 360 [1]).Il contient également des parties de la Septante [2].Il est conservé dans quatre institutions : la British Library, l'université de Leipzig, le monastère Sainte-Catherine du Sinaï, et la bibliothèque nationale russe. και ο φιλων υιον η θυγατερα υπερ εμε ουκ εστιν αξιος – א διαρπασαι – א D Φ, Matthew 12:30 Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus, two of great uncial codices, representatives of the Alexandrian text-type, are considered excellent manuscript witnesses of the text of the New Testament. η φημη αυτου – D και ηρω[τησαν] αυτον (and asked him) – 5 Θαδδαιος – E N W Σ Φ τα προσωπα – B απηλθεν – a b h q τι φαγητε και τι πιητε – L Θ 0233 Byz, Matthew 6:32a εισελθοντι δε αυτω – א Ν Σ Ζαρε (Zerah) – B, supported by Papyrus 1 εδειξεν (showed) – D 372, Matthew 4:13 ελαλη – Ε Μ Γ W, Matthew 13:35a κυλλους υγιεις – B D [citation needed] Multiple studies have shown that when these two manuscripts disagree one with the other, which they do frequently, one or the other manuscript will almost always agree with the Traditional, Majority Byzantine text. το πληρομα αυτου – Β ει συ ει κυριε – א 892 While Codex Sinaiticus may be old (or may not be since it was corrected into the twelfth century), it is obvious that it is corrupt. in the south-eastern Mediterranean. οmit – א* copbo syrcur, Matthew 6:2 και ανακειμενου – א οι δε – Β 157 την δε εν τω σω οφθαλμω δοκον – Β 050, Matthew 7:4a This is especially true, for the New Testament, of the Gospels. gr. Discovered by Constantine Tischendorf at Mt. Again, before we begin our list of example, Codex Sinaiticus is designated by the symbol א, and Codex Vaticanus by alpha character B. The Codex Sinaiticus Project is an international collaboration to reunite the entire manuscript in digital form and make it accessible to a global audience for the first time. John Miller on Social media makes a typical comment: “You think the TR is corrupt? [dubious – discuss][neutrality is disputed] These texts are very similar by agreement, but often they have no extant manuscript support across a small part of scripture (within a single verse or more often than not in the case of only a few consecutive verses). The Codex Vaticanus (The Vatican, Bibl. παντα οσα – א [31] Constantin von Tischendorf, Novum Testamentum Vaticanum, Leipzig 1867, p. XXI. Milne & T.C. Similar to Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Vaticanus identifies itself as a product of gnostic corruption in John 1:18, where “the only begotten Son” is changed to “the only begotten God,” thus perpetuating the ancient Arian heresy that disassociates the Son of God Jesus Christ from God Himself by claiming that the Word was not the same as the Son. The ‘Second-First’ Sabbath (Luke 6:1): The Final Solution . θεραπευσαι – א D L W 106 From this colophon, the correction is concluded to have been made in Caesarea Maritima in the 6th or 7th centuries. εν τη ιδια πατριδι – א Ζ f13 892 Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important books in the world. και τα κυναρια – B It is one, single book. του τοπου εκεινου – Β οτι υιοι – א C D 13-124-556 Why? ωφεληθης – Β, Matthew 15:6 ωφεληθης ουδεν εστιν – א ελαλεσεν αυτοις – Β Den och Codex Sinaiticus är de två äldsta uncial manuskript. διδασκων – Β, Matthew 4:24 The distigme of two codices indicate a variant of the Western manuscripts, which placed 1 Cor 14:34–35 after 1 Cor 14:40( manuscripts: Claronmontanus, Augiensis, Boernerianus, 88, itd, g, and some manuscripts of Vulgate). Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important books in the world. καταβαντι δε αυτω –א*, Matthew 8:3a XXI-XXIII. αμπελονι – א ιδως – ℓ 547 εκβληθησονται – Β, Matthew 8:13 τα αγαθα – א C L U Δ Ν Σ Φ, Matthew 12:37 ιδου αρχων εις προσελθων – Β 1209; no. οχλον – Β οι υποκριται – Β ηκολουθησαν αυτω –א, Matthew 9:27b Sinai by H. T. Codex Augiensis Scrivener. [19] Tischendorf’s view was accepted by Frederic G. Kenyon, but contested by T. C. Skeat, who examined the codex more thoroughly. Phoenix (2 Occurrences)... by a wind from the Northeast, called Euraquilo, and ran before it under the lee of an island, called Cauda or Clauda (Kauda (Codex Sinaiticus (corrected) and ... /p/phoenix.htm - 12k . προσηνεγκαν αυτω δαιμονιζομενον τυφλον και κωφον – Β και – 209, Matthew 7:17 παρ ουδενι τοσαυτην πιστιν ευρον – f1 σκορπιζει με – א 33 σεσαρωμενον – Β, Matthew 12:46 [2] ογδοηκοντα – Β majority of mss, Luke 8:3 Codex Vaticanus – c. 325–350 – Vatican Library; Codex Sinaiticus – c. 330–360 – discovered in 1844 at St Catherine Monastery in Sinai. The exchange of ει and ο for ω is less frequent. συνλεγεται – D, Matthew 13:32 οι δε δουλοι – א, Matthew 13:28b και ελθον ευρισκει – Β και Θαδδαιος ο επικλ. πολυν οχλον – 12 243 copsa syrcur, sin It and the Codex Sinaiticus are the two oldest uncial manuscripts. υπ αυτου (by him) – א θλθεν προς τον ΙΝ – אc C2 D copbo, Matthew 14:35 εαν δε ο οφθαλμος σου πονηρος η – B cop it βαλειν ειρηνην – Β, Matthew 10:37 εν τοις ουρανοις – Β C Κ V Σ Φ καναναιος – Β C D L N 1 22 33 118 892 ει τω οικοδεσποτη βεελζεβουλ … τοις οικιακοις – Β εκατονταρχης – א ητοιμασται παρα του πατρος μου – Θ οχλους πολλους – 108 παρεκαλουν αυτον –א, Matthew 15:3 αποστελλει παλιν – Δ και επνευσαν οι ανεμοι – Β [6] D distinguished between sacral and nonsacral using of ΚΥΡΙΟΣ. [9] Scribe A’s was a “worse type of phonetic error.” Confusion of Ε and ΑΙ occurs in all contexts. ζητουντες αυτω λαλησαι – Sinaiticusa Β C Z και τοτε κοψομται – Β, Matthew 24:31 ανεωχθησαν –א, Matthew 9:30b σημεια και τερατα – א In general, Codex Vaticanus is placed first in point of purity by contemporary scholars and Codex Sinaiticus next. Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important books in the world. η πολεως η κωμης – א f13 61 892 cop Codex Sinaiticus is considered by most textual scholars of the New Testament to be the best complete manuscript. διδασκων αυτοις – א παντα – a b k, Matthew 6:32b Codex Sinaiticus in the Gospel of John, NTS 15, pp. omit – Sinaiticus 1 700 892, Matthew 16:9 εκβαλυσιν – 258 Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus, two of great uncial codices, representatives of the Alexandrian text-type, are considered excellent manuscript witnesses of the text of the New Testament. και ος λεγει σοι – syrcur, Matthew 5:42 εβαλον – Β, Matthew 13:50 αγγαρευση – א E G K V Δ Σ They are nothing and much was corrected by the more competent scribe and the corrector. αμην αμην (amen, amen) – א 13 ακουσητε … βλεψητε – Ε F G M N U V Γ, Matthew 13:15 απεκαλεσαν – U Codex Vaticanus dates to about 300 to 325 C.E. [35] Philip B. Payne, Fuldensis, Sigla for Variants in Vaticanus and 1 Cor 14.34-5, NTS 41 (1995) 251–262. It and the Codex Sinaiticus are the two oldest uncial manuscripts. κλασματων δωδεκα κοφινων πληρωματα – א W (f1) f13 pc, Mark 10:19 100% (1/1) Pericope Adulterae John 7:53-8:11 John 8:3-11. υπερ τον διδασκαλον αυτου – א F M W A final example of insignificance, πασαν την Συριαν (whole of the Syria) א ολην την Συριαν (all the Syria) Β. σημεια μεγαλα και τερατα – Β, Matthew 24:30 [22] According to Tischendorf, one of the scribes is identical to (and may have been) one of the scribes of the Codex Sinaiticus (scribe D),[23] but there is insufficient evidence for his assertion. fr Dans un commentaire sur Matthieu 24:36, l’ouvrage intitulé “Le codex Sinaiticus et le codex Alexandrinus” (angl. εθνικοι (gentiles) –א, Matthew 6:8 [32] The meaning of these distigmai was recognized in 1995 by Philip Payne. But the pages of the Codex Sinaiticus are divided among four different libraries and museums throughout the world. οι δε μαθηται ιδοντες αυτον – א1 Β D f13 pc A large number of these differences are due to iotacisms and variants in transcribing Hebrew names. Μαριαμ – א C D W Z Θ f13 Byz, Matthew 1:25 It is the only uncialmanuscript with the complete text of the New Testament, and the only ancient manuscript of the New Testament written in four columns per page which has survived to the present day. It and the Codex Sinaiticus are the two oldest uncial manuscripts. παραδειγματισαι (to make example) – א*.2 C L W Θ f13 Byz, Matthew 1:20 S. Dykes, Using the „Umlauts” of Codex Vaticanus to Dig Deeper, 2006. μενον της θαλασσης ην βασανιζομενον –א, Matthew 14:26 δαιμονια – B, Matthew 7:27b ακουσατε … βλεψετε – Β [4] Dirk Jongkind (2007), Scribal Habits of Codex Sinaiticus, Gorgias Press LLC, p. 90. επαναστησονται τεκνα –א, Matthew 10:23 καρπους καλους ποιει –א, Matthew 7:21 η φημη αυτης – א C N 86 99 238 348 “A critical note”. τον λογον – Β D 892 This codex is a quarto volume written in uncial letters of the fourth century, on … Most critical editions of the Greek New Testament give precedence to these two chief uncial manuscripts, and the majority of translations are based on their text. Herman C. Hoskier (1864–1938) – Christian Publishing House Blog, The Byzantine Kr/family 35 Text-Form (1261-1453 C.E.) την χειραν – א γη σοδομων και γομορρων – Β, Matthew 10:16a λεγοντες ειρηνη τω οικω τουτω – א D L W Φ f1 22 99 237 251 ℓ 49 εαν δε ο οφθαλμος σου πονηρος – א W 33 εαν αψομαι – א αφεθησεται –א, Matthew 12:32b ειπεν (see Mark 7:10) – אa B D Θ 084 f1 f13 700 892 ita, aur, b, c, d, e, ff1, ff2, g1, l q vg syrc, s, p copsa, bo, fay arm eth geo ετι ου νοειτε – εν ολη τη Γαλιλαια (in all the Galilee) B. Gospel of Mark Mary Magdalene Resurrection of Jesus Codex Bezae Codex Sinaiticus. και μη ολον – B d k syr cop, Matthew 5:31 ανεκτοτερον εσται γη σοδομων – א η ολον – א και εγενετο αυτου ανακειμενου – B, Matthew 9:10b [34] The same distigmai were observed in Codex Fuldensis, especially in the section containing 1 Cor 14:34–35. 105–112. την δε δοκον την εν τω οφθαλμω – א N Σ 235 καλουσιν – D, Matthew 10:28 εκαυματωθη – Β Scribe A wrote most of the historical and poetical books of the Old Testament, almost the whole of the New Testament, and the Epistle of Barnabas 2. Codex Sinaiticus is designated by siglum א, and Codex Vaticanus by alpha character B. We will just use the regular English font P75. ωρυξεν εν αυτω – Β, Matthew 22:1 If these seem insignificant, note below those even more so. αρπασαι – Β C Ν Χ W Σ 892 [3] Westcott, B. F. and Hort, F. J. κυριε – B οτι εκ στοματος – Β, Matthew 21:17 Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus, two of great uncial codices, representatives of the Alexandrian text-type, are considered excellent manuscript witnesses of the text of the New Testament. απο καταβολης – B אb 1 επεσπειρεν – Β Ν Σ εθεραπευσεν αυτους – א ο εκλεκτος (chosen one) – 5 Sinaiticus εις Βηθφαγη και Βηθανιαν – Β The Codes Vaticanus is a priceless treasure that has been sitting in the Vatican archives since at least 1475. The Codex Sinaiticus. γεννα – Β σκορπιζει – Β, Matthew 12:31 ει μη πεντε αρτους – Β, Matthew 14:19a και εγω (and I) – Sinaiticus omit – B* K W Δ Π Ψ f1 f13 28 700 1010 1079 1242 1546 2148, Mark 10:40 τοις ανθρωποις νηστευων –א, Matthew 6:20 ( 1883 ), Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 12 text-type. Much was corrected by the more competent scribe and the Ancient manuscripts ” ( angl now the... 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