Brautigam A, John H, Tamsin H, Jonathan H: Recent Information on the Status and Utilisation of African Pangolins. Eighty percent of respondents were aged between 46 and 75 years, 5.0 percent were above 75 years of age, only 15 percent were 36-45 years old while none of them was younger than 36 years as shown in table 1. Also the thorax of pangolin was used to wade off/prevent rain as against [7] which reported that the scales and blood were used for rain making and to protect against bad omen and prepare amulets against gun shots. Head and tip of the tail were combined in preparation of medicine for breakthrough in business, whole internal organs and complete limbs were used for money rituals while the head and scale were employed in medicine that confer protection against negative forces and their influences. Gidigbo: Yoruba Martial Arts (Part 1) Gidigbo: Yoruba Martial Arts Part 1 by Awo Falokun In traditional Yoruba the spiritual discipline of Ifa includes a martial art called either gidigbo, aki or akin. Mahawar MM, Jaroli DP: Traditional knowledge on zootherapeutic uses by the Saharia tribe of Rajasthan, India. Both authors read and approved the final manuscript. 2009, 9: 1-18. This stresses the need for restraint when advocating the use of substitute animals in traditional medicines to avoid creating more conservation problems while trying to solve one. A study in some markets in Isreal recorded 20 animal species which products were sold as traditional remedies [10]. 2008, 4: 1-6. As revealed in table 4 which depicts the source of the animal, 72.5 percent purchased pangolin from retail traders in the various markets, 25 percent bought from hunters while less than 3 percent cropped the animal directly from the wild. 2000, [http://www.wpro.who.int/health_topics/traditional_medicine], Marshall NT: Searching for a Cure: Conservation of Medicinal Wildlife Resources in East and Southern Africa. Egbo Ayin, Egbo idi, Egbo ipeta, Epo Okuku, Epo Ira, Epo orira, Egbo Lawale, Akogun, Epo igi Banni, Sasagbaku, Alubosa Ayu, Alubosa funfun, Atawere Adayeba, kanhun bilala, Abere, Kananfuru, Kafura Pelebe ao ge gbogbore die die sinu roba ragolis nila ao bu omisi ao fisile bi wakati mefa ao ma mu die die ekan lojumo tabi aro ati ale Hon. ao ge egbo lapa funfun ati pupa si ona 16,kekeke. Alves RRN, Barbosa JAA, Santos SLDX, Souto WMS, Barboza RRD: Animal-based Remedies as Complementary Medicines in the Semi-arid Region of Northeastern Brazil. However, some of the animals identified as possible substitutes for pangolin are worse off regarding their conservation status as indicated in the various listings. Correspondence to Ferreira FS, Brito SV, Ribeiro SC, Saraiva AAF, Almeida WO, Alves RRN: Animal-based folk remedies sold in public markets in Crato and Juazeiro do Norte, Ceara, Brazil. Also the environment may be in danger due to destruction of natural habitats and resources, and the resultant imbalance in the ecosystem. Forty traditional Yorubic-medical practitioners (tymps) selected through stratified random-sampling technique were interviewed using open-ended questionnaires. Stratified random-sampling technique was employed to select the respondents throughout the study. Background Kafura pelebe (camphor) {C10H16O} is a chemical substance used mostly amongst the Yoruba ethnic group in Western Nigeria to treat infantile colic during early childhood. About 43% of respondents contracted hunters for deliberate searches for the animals. 2005, 77 (1): 33-43. it is the most frequently utilised part in traditional medicinal preparations - a total 15 conditions were treated using the scales of pangolin. It has an estimated population of 3,486,683 people for the year 2005 [7]. Questionnaires were administered on the tymps by direct interview method. EWE ATI OGUN WA you are welcome to ewé ati ogun wa . Fifty-eight percent of the animals documented by [10] were mammals while among the more than five taxa recorded in [19], mammals represented the second largest utilised group. Mean age for respondents was 58.5 years (x = 58.5, n = 40). Soewu DA: Utilisation of Wild Animals in Traditional Medicine in Ogun State, Nigeria. 2006, [http://www.awf.org/content/wildlife/detail/pangolin]. Traditional African Medicine (TAM) is a holistic discipline involving extensive use of indigenous herbalism combined with some aspects of African spirituality [16]. Article  2007, [http://www.onlinenigeria.com/links/LinksReadPrint.asp?blurb=574], Costa Neto EM: Traditional use and sale of animals as medicines in Feira de Santana city, Bahia, Brazil. OGUN GIRI. Some points of divergence in utilisation pattern between Ijebus and Aworis were recorded as there were some similar situations that required different parts of the animal. Ao ma fi para. Privacy Although majority of its uses attributed to its scales and carcass, pangolins are also used in food as a supplementary protein source and as adornments [4, 7, 23]. Throughout human history, and in practically every human culture which presents a structured medical system, animals have been used as medicinal resources for the treatment and relieve of a wide variety of human health challenges [1]. Ogun. This requires that trade in this species must be regulated in order to avoid unsustainable utilisation of the species which may further worsen its conservation status. Imi ojo, ewe lapalapa funfun, ewe ewuro, Kafura pelebe, epo obo, ose funfun toba wuwa, omi agbon # SISE_RE aogun awon nka won yi papo ti yio kunna daada aowa po mo ose funfun any type you buy nio, aowa fi omi agbon ye po papo, aoko sinu ike funfun, aoma fi we laro laro, aoma fi … Diversity of conditions treated and parts employed in this study are similar in some cases to findings of some previous studies on trado-medicinal practices among other peoples. Environmental Conservation. Ogun State is entirely in the tropics. Typhoid and malaria ... Ao wa ewe anu gbigbe,ao lo pelu kafura pelebe, ao lo papo, ao da sinu ipara. In addition to documenting pangolin scales as having the highest fidelity level, [25] also reported that South Korea imported a total of 29, 621 kg of pangolin scales valued at USD 471,000 from China, Vietnam, Indonesia and Singapore between 1993 and 1994 for use in the Traditional Korean medicine (TKM). TRAFFIC Bulletin. 2008. EGBOGI JEDIJEDI (ogun jedijedi) egbo idi egbo ayin kafura pelebe. Located in the Southwest zone of Nigeria with a total land area of 16,409.26 square kilometres, it is bounded on the West by the Benin Republic, on the South by Lagos State and the Atlantic Ocean, on the East by … The bone (from any part of the body), vertebral bones, eye, limbs and complete female reproductive organ were each used to treat a condition - rheumatism, stroke, kleptomania, fortune rouser and ejection of placenta respectively. During the main survey which spanned January-March 2007, questionnaires were administered on a total of 40 traditional Yorubic-medical practitioners (tymps) i.e 10 tymps in each Local Government Area. Encourage maximum discussion and optimum extraction of information on anti-microbial potencies of preparations the! The implications of unsustainable depletion of medicinal wildlife resources for traditional medicine in. 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