However, things did not go as planned. In the summer of 1497, he was a 22-year-old cardinal, sent as … Here’s a post I wrote a while ago, and am now reposting, about his downfall and death.. The Borgia family is one of the most notorious in European history. The Rise of the Borgias . When Cesare went to Lucrezia’s looking … Cesare Borgia by Altobello MeloneOne of the most well known facts about Cesare Borgia, aside from the fact that he was a bit (a lot) of a sociopath who seemed to enjoy having people killed, is that he suffered from Syphilis and often tended to go about wearing a mask. Cesare just really needed the services of a personal assassin again. In the year 1499 alone, Cesare ordered the executions of a Spanish constable, a soldier-captain, and a bishop, among others … He was a powerful lord and a leading political figure of his era. Eventually, after Cesare Borgia’s debaucherous lifestyle caught up to him, he was so ravaged by syphilis that he was forced to wear a mask over his pockmarked and scarred face. It is said that he… Headed by patriarch Rodrigo Borgia—who became Pope Alexander VI—the family was comprised of his four children: Cesare, Juan, Lucrezia, and Jofre, and they were accused of everything from buying the papal election to incest, with lots more in between. The most famous branch of the Borgia family originated with Alfonso de Borgia (1378–1458, and or Alfons de Borja in Spanish), the son of a middling status family, in Valencia, Spain.Alfons went to university and studied canon and civil law, where he demonstrated talent and after graduation began to rise through the local church. In 1503, Borgia’s father, Pope Alexander, died, and with him many of Cesare's remaining plots died as well. Yet he lived by his motto "Aut Caesar, Aut Nihil", and it really rings true in the lead up to his death. And the reason for this was very simple: the death of his father, as he would not longer have Papal patronage which is what got him his power in the first place. Today in 1507, Cesare Borgia died outside the walls of Viana in Spain. It was 1503 when Cesare started to lose his grip. Cesare Borgia died alone, just three short days before the death of his hero, Caesar. His father Rodrigo became Pope Alexander VI in 1492. Cesare Borgia was a Spanish-Italian noble, politician and Cardinal, who resigned his church office and became a powerful military commander in the 15th century, when the Papacy was both a spiritual and military power. "Either Caesar, Or Nothing". Scion of the powerful Borgia family, Cesare Borgia was born in Rome to Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia and the cardinal's obscure mistress Vannozza dei Cattani. 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